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Title: Identification of a potent and selective chemical probe for exploring the role of Mediator complex-associated protein kinases CDK8 and CDK19 in human disease [LS-174-T]      
dateReleased:
10-26-2015
description:
There is an unmet need for chemical tools to explore the role of the Mediator complex in human pathologies ranging from cancer to cardiovascular disease. Here we determine that CCT251545 a WNT-pathway inhibitor discovered by cell-based screening is a potent and selective chemical probe for the Mediator complex-associated protein kinases CDK8 and CDK19. CCT251545 is an ATP competitive inhibitor with >100-fold selectivity over 291 other kinases. X-ray crystallography demonstrates Type 1 binding involving insertion of the CDK8 C-terminus into the ligand binding site. In contrast to Type II inhibitors of CDK8/19 CCT251545 displays potent cell-based activity. We show that CCT251545 and close analogues not only alter WNT-pathway regulated gene expression but also other CDK8/19 targets including STAT1-regulated gene expression. Consistent with this we find that phospho-STAT1SER727 is a biomarker of CDK8 kinase activity in vitro and in vivo. Finally we demonstrate in vivo activity of CCT251545 in WNT-dependent tumours. LS-174-T colon cancer cells were treated with 715 nM of Compound 6 (IC90 of TCF dependent luciferase) for 0, 4 or 24h. Three samples with three biological repeats each. Sample were hybridized against human reference. Compound 6 is a close analogue of a 3,4,5-trisubstituted pyridine series identified from a high-throughput cell-based reporter assay of WNT signalling. It was shown to be potent and selective inhibitor of the Mediator complex-associated protein kinases CDK8 and CDK19. Its is ATP competitive inhibitor with >100-fold selectivity over 291 other kinases. X-ray crystallography demonstrates Type 1 binding involving insertion of the CDK8 C-terminus into the ligand-binding site.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-67846
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
67846
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-08-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-14550
name:
Agilent-028004 SurePrint G3 Human GE 8x60K Microarray (Probe Name Version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67846/E-GEOD-67846.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67846/E-GEOD-67846.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE67846
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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