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Title: Transcriptome study of sleep deprivation-induced ischemic tolerance in rats      
dateReleased:
10-30-2015
description:
Sleep deprivation (SD) performed before stroke induces an ischemic tolerance state as observed in other forms of preconditioning. As the mechanisms underlying this effect are not well understood we used DNA oligonucleotide microarray analysis, to identify the genes and the gene-pathways underlying SD preconditioning. Gene expression was analyzed 3 days after stroke surgery in four experimental groups: i) SD performed before focal cerebral ischemia induction; ii) SD performed before Sham surgery; iii) IS without SD; and iv) Sham surgery without SD. SD was performed by gentle handling during the last 6h of the light period and ischemia was induced immediately after. Stroke induced a massive alteration in gene expression both in sleep deprived and non-sleep deprived animals. However, compared to animals that underwent ischemia alone, SD induced a general reduction in transcriptional changes with a reduction in the upregulation of genes involved in cell cycle regulation and immune response. Moreover an upregulation of a new neuroendocrine pathway which included melanin concentrating hormone, glycoprotein hormones-ë±-polypeptide and hypocretin was observed exclusively in rats sleep deprived before stroke. Our data indicate that SD before stroke reprogrammed the signaling response to injury. The inhibition of cell cycle regulation and inflammation are neuroprotective mechanisms reported also for other forms of preconditioning treatment whereas the implication of the neuroendocrine function is novel and has never been described before. These results therefore provide new insights into neuroprotective mechanisms involved in ischemic tolerance mechanisms.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-MTAB-3148
refinement:
raw
dateSubmitted:
09-12-2012
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-09-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-AFFY-160
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Rat Gene 1.0 ST Array [RaGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-3148/E-MTAB-3148.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-3148/E-MTAB-3148.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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