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Title: Evaluation of DNA array sensitivity to detect viruses in clinical samples following propidium monoazide treatment      
dateReleased:
11-02-2015
description:
Pan-viral DNA array (PVDA) and high-throughput sequencing (HTS) are useful tools to identify novel virus of emerging diseases. However, both techniques have difficulties to identify viruses in clinical samples because of host genomic DNA (hgDNA) contamination. Both propidium monoazide (PMA) and ethidium bromide monoazide (EMA) have the capacity to bind free DNA but are cell membrane-impermeable and thus are unable to bind protected DNA and RNA such as viral genomic material. DNA modified by EMA or PMA is not amplifiable by polymerase. In order to assess the capacity of EMA or PMA to lower hgDNA, serum or lung tissue homogenates were spiked with porcine reproductive and respiratory virus (PRRSV) and were processed with different combination of treatment: with or without ultracentrifugation and incubation with or without different concentration of EMA or PMA. PVDA and HTS were used to evaluate the capacity of both techniques to detect the presence of PRRSV from each sample. Negative results were obtained by PVDA and low amount of PRRSV specific reads were obtained by HTS with untreated samples or samples treated only by ultracentrifugation. An increase capacity of PRRSV detection was observable by PVDA in EMA and PMA treated samples but PVDA best results were obtained following PMA treatment, with or without ultracentrifugation. HTS sensitivity was also improved by a treatment with EMA or PMA, but the number of reads was significantly higher in PMA treated samples. These results support the use of PMA as a treatment to increase sensitivity of PVDA and HTS. A non specific DNA probe is used as a negative hybridization control. Also, specifics probes targeting pUC19 plasmid DNA is used as a DNA array positive control as well as a localization control. Finally, there are 34 probes of 70 nucleotides spotted in duplicate were selected to target PRRSV conserved regions. A total of 80 different tests were done by DNA array in order to evaluate different treatments conditions with EMA or PMA, with or without ultracentrifugation. A total of 58 samples were tested on specific lung tissue homogenates spiked with different concentration of PRRSV and 12 samples were serum samples spiked with one concentration of PRRSV. Finally. A total of six samples
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-62910
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
62910
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-02-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Sus scrofa
ID:
A-GEOD-19377
name:
LMIVV laboratory, Animal Pan-viral DNA array, 3800 probes, V2
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-62910/E-GEOD-62910.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-62910/E-GEOD-62910.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE62910
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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