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Title: Transcription of mammalian cis-regulatory elements is restrained by actively enforced early termination [RNA]      
dateReleased:
11-09-2015
description:
Upon recruitment to active enhancers and promoters, RNA polymerase II (Pol_II) generates short non-coding transcripts of unclear function. The mechanisms that control the length and the amount of ncRNAs generated by cis-regulatory elements are largely unknown. Here, we show that the adapter protein WDR82 and its associated complexes actively limit such non-coding transcription. WDR82 targets the SET1/COMPASS H3K4 methyltransferase and the nuclear Protein Phosphatase 1 (PP1) complexes to the initiating Pol_II. WDR82 and PP1 also interact with components of the transcriptional termination and RNA processing machineries. Depletion of WDR82, SET1 or the PP1 subunit required for its nuclear import caused distinct but overlapping transcription termination defects at highly expressed genes, active enhancers and promoters, thus enabling the increased synthesis of unusually long ncRNAs. These data indicate that transcription initiated from cis-regulatory elements is tightly coordinated with termination mechanisms that impose the synthesis of short RNAs. polyA-mRNAs or 4sU-labeled RNAs from BMDMs, either untreated or treated for with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for the indicated time. Experiments were carried out in cells containing either a short hairpin targeting either of these: 1) Wdr82; 2) Set1a+Set1b; 3) Pnuts; or the empty vector (LMP) or a scrambled as a control. When specified, cells were pre-treated with 5,6-Dichloro-1-β-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB) in order to prevent RNA polymerase II elongation.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-66953
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
66953
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-01-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66953/E-GEOD-66953.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66953/E-GEOD-66953.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE66953
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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