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Title: Mouse T-cell lymphomas induced by irradiation at different ages      
dateReleased:
11-12-2015
description:
Children are considered more sensitive to radiation-induced cancer than adults, yet any differences in genomic alterations associated with age at exposure and their underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We analyzed the mutation of key tumor suppressor genes in T-cell lymphomas arising after weekly irradiation of female B6C3F1 mice with 1.2 Gy X-rays for 4 consecutive weeks starting during infancy (1 week old), adolescence (4 weeks old) or as young adults (8 weeks old). T-cell lymphoma incidence did not show any statistical differences among three irradiated groups; however, the frequency of loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 11 and 19 showed opposing correlations with age at exposure. Ikaros on chromosome 11 was mutated frequently in the young adult–irradiation group (63%; 5/8), frequently incurring multiple independent hits (including deletions and mutations) or suffering a single hit predicted to result in a dominant negative protein (such as those lacking exon 4, an isoform we have designated Ik11, which lacks two of the four zinc–finger domains important for DNA binding). Pten on chromosome 19 was mutated more frequently in tumors from infant- (67%; 10/15) compared with young adult-irradiated mice (13%; 1/8, P = 0.041). Despite the presence of homozygous Pten mutations, DNA copy number was unchanged in the infant-irradiation group, suggesting duplication of the mutated allele by chromosome mis-segregation or mitotic recombination. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that while deletions on chromosome 11 affecting the Ikaros locus are a prominent feature of young adult irradiation-induced T-cell lymphoma, tumors arising after infant irradiation suffer a second hit in the Pten gene by chromosome mis-segregation or recombination. This is the first report showing age-at-exposure associated radiation-induced genomic alterations in two key tumor suppressor genes linked to T-cell lymphomagenesis. These data are important for considering the risks associated with childhood exposure to radiation. 38 T-cell lymphomas arising after weekly irradiation of female B6C3F1 mice with 1.2 Gy X-rays for 4 consecutive weeks starting at different ages (Infant: 1 week old (15 tumors), Adolescent: 4 weeks old (13 tumors), Young adult: 8 weeks old (10 tumors)) were analyzed.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-63349
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
63349
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
11-30-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-63349/E-GEOD-63349.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-63349/E-GEOD-63349.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE63349
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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