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Title: Molecular characterization of chronic antibody mediated rejection in kidney transplantation (microRNA)      
dateReleased:
12-10-2015
description:
Chronic antibody-mediated rejection (CAMR) represents the main cause of kidney graft loss, but its pathogenesis is unclear. In order to uncover the molecular mechanisms underlying this condition, we characterized the molecular signature of circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells and, separately, of CD4+ T lymphocytes isolated from CAMR patients compared to kidney transplant recipients with normal graft function and histology. In total peripheral lympho-monocytes, forty-five genes resulted differentially expressed between the two groups, most of them were up-regulated in CAMR and were involved in type I interferon signaling. In addition, in the same set of patients, 16 microRNAs resulted down-regulated in CAMR subjects compared to controls: 4 were predicted modulators of 6 mRNAs identified in the transcriptional analysis. In silico functional analysis supported the involvement of type I interferon signaling. To further confirm this hypothesis, we investigated the transcriptomic profiles of CD4+ T lymphocytes in an independent group of patients and we observed that the activation of type I interferon signaling was a specific hallmark of CAMR. In addition, in CAMR patients we detected a reduction of circulating BDCA2+ dendritic cells, the natural type I interferon- producing cells and their recruitment into the graft along with an increased expression of MXA, a type I interferon-induced protein, at tubulointerstitial and vascular level. In conclusion, our data suggest that type I interferon signaling may represent the molecular signature of CAMR. For microarray analysis, we studied 5 patients included into the control-group and 4 included into the study group. The control group was represented by renal transplant recipients undergoing protocol graft biopsies, with normal renal function and histology, in the absence of circulating anti-HLA antibodies. Study group patients showed clinical and histological evidence of CAMR according to Banff 2011 criteria.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51676
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51676
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-11-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-16770
name:
Agilent-031181 Unrestricted_Human_miRNA_V16.0_Microarray (miRBase release 16.0 miRNA ID version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51676/E-GEOD-51676.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51676/E-GEOD-51676.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51676
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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