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Title: Drug specific epigenetic reprogramming leads to increased cellular invasion in ERα positive breast cancer via de novo cholesterol biosynthesis      
dateReleased:
12-31-2015
description:
Endocrine therapy resistance remains a critical problem in the treatment of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) breast cancer. Endocrine therapies target ERα via different modes of action. Drug resistance involves drug specific remodeling of the transcriptional and regulatory landscape. Using epigenomics and transcriptomics, we demonstrate that resistance to aromatase inhibitors (AI) induces phenotypical changes through epigenetic activation of cholesterol biosynthesis (CB) and keratin 80. Epigenetic activation is stable and involves both large topological domains and punctuated activation of single enhancers and super-enhancers. Specialized cancer cells expressing high levels of keratin 80 lead invasion through the extracellular matrix. Strikingly, we demonstrate that anti-cholesterol strategies can effectively arrest breast cancer invasion. Our work identifies a robust strategy to target resistant invasive breast cancer. All cell lines were grown in their respective media until they reached 70% confluency. Specifically, MCF7 were grown in DMEM+10% FBS and 1% Pen-Sprep-Glutamine. MCF7T as MCF7 with the addition of 100nM Tamoxifen. MCF7F as MCF7 with the addition of 100nM Fulvestrant. LTED were grown in DMEM without phenol + 10% DCS-FBS and1% Pen-Sprep-Glutamine. LTEDT as LTED with the addition of 100nM Tamoxifen. LTEDF as LTED with the addition of 100nM of Fulvestrant. All chemicals are purchased from Sigma. ChIP-seq was performed using Illumina methodology.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-60517
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
60517
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-02-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-60517/E-GEOD-60517.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-60517/E-GEOD-60517.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE60517
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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