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Title: Oxidative stress alters miRNA and gene expression profiles in villous first trimester trophoblasts      
dateReleased:
12-31-2015
description:
Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in preeclampsia (PE) pathogenesis. Evidence indicates altered microRNAs (miRNAs) expression in PE, however, the relationship between oxidative stress and miRNA changes in placenta as a potential mechanism involved in PE is not fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigate the impact of increased oxidative stress on miRNA and mRNA expression profiles of genes known to be associated with PE in villous 3A first trimester trophoblast cells. Cells were exposed to H2O2 at 10 different concentrations (0-1 mM) for 0.5, 4, 24, and 48 h. Cytotoxicity was determined using the SRB assay and data was used to calculate the IC50 of H2O2. Total RNA was extracted after short-term exposure (4 h) to H2O2 for miRNA expression profiling. H2O2 exerted a concentration and time-dependent cytotoxicity on 3A trophoblast cells. Short-term exposure of 3A cells to low concentration of H2O2 (5% of IC50) significantly altered miRNA profile as evidenced by significant changes in 195 out of 595 evaluatable miRNAs. Short-term exposure of villous first trimester trophoblasts to low concentrations of H2O2 significantly alters miRNA profile. Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in preeclampsia (PE) pathogenesis. Evidence indicates altered microRNAs (miRNAs) expression in PE, however, the relationship between oxidative stress and miRNA changes in placenta as a potential mechanism involved in PE is not fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigate the impact of increased oxidative stress on miRNA and mRNA expression profiles of genes known to be associated with PE in villous 3A first trimester trophoblast cells. Cells were exposed to H2O2 at 10 different concentrations (0-1 mM) for 0.5, 4, 24, and 48 h. Cytotoxicity was determined using the SRB assay and data was used to calculate the IC50 of H2O2. Total RNA was extracted after short-term exposure (4 h) to H2O2 for miRNA expression profiling. H2O2 exerted a concentration and time-dependent cytotoxicity on 3A trophoblast cells. Short-term exposure of 3A cells to low concentration of H2O2 (5% of IC50) significantly altered miRNA profile as evidenced by significant changes in 195 out of 595 evaluatable miRNAs. Short-term exposure of villous first trimester trophoblasts to low concentrations of H2O2 significantly alters miRNA profile. Cells were grown to 90% confluency in 75 cm2 flasks and exposed to 25 µM H2O2 in complete medium for 4 h. Total RNA was isolated using the Qiagen miRNEasy Mini Kit and quality/quantity measured in the Molecular Genomics Core at UTMB. RNA was quantitated spectrophotometrically using a NanoDrop ND-1000 (NanoDrop Techniologies, DE). Quality of the purified RNA was assessed by visualization of 18S and 28S RNA bands using an Agilent BioAnalyzer 2100 (Agilent Technologies, CA). Resulting electroperograms were used in the calculation of the 28S/18S ratio and the RNA Integrity Number. Reverse transcription was carried out using either the miScript II RT kit or RT2 First Strand and subsequent SYBR green based real-time PCR on a BioRad Chromo4 Real-Time PCR Detector per manufacturer’s recommendation. The miRNA profile screening was performed using miScript Human miRNome PCR Array (MIHS-3216Z, Qiagen, Valencia, CA). Data was analyzed using the ΔΔCT method with the miScript miRNA PCR Array Data Analysis version 3.5 (SABiosciences, Valencia CA).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-63999
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
63999
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-11-2016
creators:
Mai Tolba
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-19527
name:
SA Biosciences Homo sapiens miRNome miRNA PCR Array v16
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-63999/E-GEOD-63999.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-63999/E-GEOD-63999.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE63999
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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