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Title: ADAR1 regulates the resistance of melanoma cells to T cells via miR-222 and ICAM1      
dateReleased:
12-31-2015
description:
The blossom of immunotherapy in melanoma highlights the need to delineate mechanisms of immune resistance. Recently, we have demonstrated that the RNA editing protein, adenosine deaminase acting on RNA-1 (ADAR1) is down-regulated during metastatic transition of melanoma, which enhances melanoma cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. Here we investigate the role of ADAR1 in melanoma immune resistance. Importantly, knockdown of ADAR1 in human melanoma cells induces resistance to tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in a cell contact-dependent mechanism. We show that ADAR1, in an editing-independent manner, regulates the biogenesis of miR-222 at the transcription level and thereby Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM1) expression, which consequently affects melanoma immune resistance. ADAR1 thus has a novel, pivotal, role in cancer immune resistance. Corroborating with these results, the expression of miR-222 in melanoma tissue specimens was significantly higher in patients who had no clinical benefit from treatment with ipilimumab as compared to patients that responded clinically, suggesting that miR-222 could function as a biomarker for the prediction of response to ipilimumab. These results provide not only novel insights on melanoma immune resistance, but also pave the way to the development of innovative personalized tools to enable optimal drug selection and treatment. 13 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) melanoma tissues were stained with hematoxilin and eosin for examination by an expert pathologist. Non-tumor tissue was removed. Total RNA was isolated using miRNeasy FFPE kit (Qiagen) according to the manufacture guidelines.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-67496
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
67496
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-03-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-14613
name:
[miRNA-2_0] Affymetrix Multispecies miRNA-2_0 Array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67496/E-GEOD-67496.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67496/E-GEOD-67496.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE67496
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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