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Title: Cancer stem cell features shift during skin squamous cell carcinoma progression      
dateReleased:
01-08-2016
description:
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play a key role in tumour growth and metastasis. Although an expansion of CSC population was previously described in advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), it remains unknown whether CSC regulatory mechanisms also change through tumour progression to promote malignancy. Here, we generate mouse models of skin SCCs to study alterations in CSC regulation over progression. We found that features of CSCs change at late stage of progression, correlating with a switch from epithelial to mesenchymal tumour shape. beta-catenin and EGFR signalling are down-regulated, whereas autocrine FGFR1 and PDGFR alpha pathways are up-regulated in CSCs of advanced tumours. Inhibition of FGFR and PDGFR signalling repress malignant SCCs growth and metastasis, respectively. An enhanced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program and over-expression of PDGFR alpha and FGFR1 are observed in malignant human skin SCCs, suggesting that these pathways are also induced over human SCC progression. Therefore, uncover signalling pathways controlling CSCs at specific stage of progression may improve the selection of more accurate targeted therapeutic strategies according to tumour stage, blocking SCC relapse and metastasis. Mouse models of skin SCCs progression were first generated. For that, individual samples of spontaneous or DMBA-TPA induced skin SCCs generated in K14-HPV16 mice were orthotopically engrafted in immunodeficient mice and then serially transplanted, generating lineages in which the progression from WD-SCCs to PD-SCCs was observed. Then, tumour cells expressing CD34 and alpha 6-integrin, previously identified as cutaneous cancer stem cells, were isolated by flow cytometry-sorter from WD-SCCs and PD-SCCs of different tumour lineages. RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays was carried out to compare whole gene profiling of these populations of CSCs.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-59439
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
59439
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-16-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-11180
name:
[HT_MG-430_PM] Affymetrix HT MG-430 PM Array Plate
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-59439/E-GEOD-59439.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-59439/E-GEOD-59439.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE59439
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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