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Title: The histone variant H2A.X is a regulator of Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition      
dateReleased:
02-10-2016
description:
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), considered essential for metastatic cancer, has been a focus of much research, but important questions remain. Here, we show that silencing or removing H2A.X, a histone H2A variant involved in cellular DNA repair and robust growth, induced mesenchymal-like characteristics including activation of EMT transcription factors, Slug and ZEB1, in HCT116 human colon cancer cells. Ectopic H2A.X re-expression partially reversed these changes; as did silencing Slug and ZEB1. In an experimental metastasis model, the HCT116 parental and H2A.X-null cells exhibited similar metastases levels, but the cells with re-expressed H2A.X exhibited substantially elevated levels. We surmise that H2A.X re-expression led to partial EMT reversal and increased robustness in the HCT116 cells, permitting them to both form tumors and to metastasize. In a human adenocarcinoma panel, H2A.X levels correlated inversely with Slug and ZEB1 levels. Together, these results point to H2A.X as a novel regulator of EMT. 9 samples in total including 4 replicates of control shRNA and 5 replicates of shH2A.X.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-75444
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
75444
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-22-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-16686
name:
[HuGene-2_0-st] Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-75444/E-GEOD-75444.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-75444/E-GEOD-75444.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE75444
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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