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Title: Genome-wide analysis of Prz1 in fission yeast reveals a novel inhibitory role in flocculation and a conserved activating role in cell wall organization [ChIP-chip]      
dateReleased:
02-10-2016
description:
Gene regulation in response to intracellular calcium is mediated by the calcineurin-activated transcription factor Prz1 in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Genome-wide studies of the Crz1 and CrzA fungal orthologs have uncovered numerous target genes involved in conserved and species-specific cellular processes. In contrast, very few target genes of Prz1 have been published. This paper identified an extensive list of genes using transcriptome and ChIP-chip analyses under inducing conditions of Prz1, including CaCl2, and tunicamycin treatment, as well as a ∆pmr1 genetic background. We identified 165 upregulated putative target genes of Prz1 in which the majority contained a calcium-dependent response element in their promoters, similar to that of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ortholog Crz1. These genes were functionally enriched for Crz1-conserved processes such as cell wall biosynthesis. Overexpression of prz1+ increased resistance to the cell wall degradation enzyme zymolyase, likely from upregulation of the O-mannosyltransferase encoding gene omh1+. Loss of omh1+ abrogates this phenotype. We uncovered a novel inhibitory role in flocculation for Prz1. Loss of prz1+ resulted in constitutive flocculation and upregulation of genes encoding the flocculins Gsf2 and Pfl3, as well as the transcription factor Cbf12. The constitutive flocculation of the ∆prz1 strain was abrogated by the loss of gsf2+ or cbf12+. This study reveals that Prz1 functions as a positive and negative transcriptional regulator of genes involved in cell wall biosynthesis and flocculation, respectively. Moreover, comparison of target genes between Crz1/CrzA and Prz1 indicate some conservation in DNA-binding specificity, but also substantial rewiring of the calcineurin-mediated transcriptional-regulatory network. We generated 2 ChIP-chip experiments, each with a biological replicate performed as a dye swap.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-77760
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
77760
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-22-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
ID:
A-GEOD-16235
name:
Agilent-015424 S. pombe Whole Genome ChIP-on-Chip Microarray 4x44K (Probe Name version - A_93_Pnnnn probes)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-77760/E-GEOD-77760.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-77760/E-GEOD-77760.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE77760
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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