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Title: MicroRNAs for fine-tuning of mouse Embryonic Stem Cell fate decision through regulation of TGF-β signaling      
dateReleased:
02-11-2016
description:
Over the past years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as crucial factors that regulate self-renewal and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Although much is known about their role in maintaining ESC pluripotency, the mechanisms by which they affect cell fate decisions remain poorly understood. By performing deep sequencing to profile miRNAs expression in mouse ESCs (mESCs) and differentiated embryoid bodies (EBs), we identified four differentially expressed miRNAs. Among them, miR-191 and miR-16-1 are highly expressed in ESCs and repress Smad2, the most essential mediator of Activin-Nodal signaling, resulting in the inhibition of mesendoderm formation. miR-23a, which is also downregulated in the differentiated state, suppresses differentiation towards the endoderm and ectoderm lineages. We further identified miR-421 as a differentiation-associated regulator through the direct repression of core pluripotency transcription factor Oct4 and BMP-signaling components, Smad5 and Id2. Collectively, our findings uncover a regulatory network between the studied miRNAs and both branches of TGF-β/BMP signaling pathways revealing their importance for ESC lineage decisions. miRNA profiles of ESCs and differentiated EBs D8 were generated by deep sequencing, in duplicate, using ION TORRENT PGM platform
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-76375
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
76375
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-22-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-76375/E-GEOD-76375.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-76375/E-GEOD-76375.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE76375
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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