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Title: Activation of the P-TEFb Complex by Lethal Prostate Cancer-Associated Enhancer RNAs [ChIP-Seq]      
dateReleased:
02-12-2016
description:
Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is a lethal disease1-4. Aberrant activation of the androgen receptor (AR) becomes a central mechanism contributing to the resistance of endocrine therapies2,3. Here we demonstrate that non-coding RNAs transcribed from the AR bound-enhancers RNAs (AR-eRNAs) are upregulated in human CRPC cells in vitro, xenografts in vivo and patient tissues. Expression of a subset of genes with elevated AR-eRNAs, including TLE1 and HTR3A, is inversely correlated with biochemical recurrence-free survival of CRPC patients. We identify aan HIV-1 TAR-like (TAR-L) motif in AR-eRNAs of AR target genes including KLK3 (or PSA) and TMPRSS2. The TAR-L motif is important for these eRNAs to bind to CYCLIN T1 of the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) complex. Knockdown of PSA eRNA diminishes RNA polymerase II (Pol II) serine-2 (Ser-2) phosphorylation at the PSA promoter. The TAR-L motif in KLK3 eRNA is crucial for effective transcription of PSA mRNA. Together, wWe demonstrate a P-TEFb activation function of eRNA and reveal aberrant eRNA expression as a functional indicator of AR abnormality in CRPC. Our results also suggest that eRNAs as amay be a potential target for CRPC therapy. Androgen receptor (AR) binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and C4-2, were studied using ChIP-seq. ChIP enriched and input DNA were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55031
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55031
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-22-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55031/E-GEOD-55031.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55031/E-GEOD-55031.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55031
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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