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Title: Genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screens reveal loss of redundancy between PKMYT1 and WEE1 in Glioblastoma stem-like cells      
dateReleased:
02-15-2016
description:
To identify new therapeutic targets for Glioblastoma (GBM), we performed genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 "knockout" (KO) screens in patient-derived GBM stem-like cells (GSCs) and human neural stem/progenitors (NSCs), non-neoplastic stem cell controls, for genes required for their in vitro growth. Surprisingly, the vast majority GSC-lethal hits were found outside of molecular networks commonly altered in GBM and GSCs (e.g., oncogenic drivers). In vitro and in vivo validation of GSC-specific targets revealed several strong hits, including the wee1-like kinase, PKMYT1/Myt1. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that PKMYT1 acts redundantly with WEE1 to inhibit Cyclin B-CDK1 activity via CDK1-Tyr15 phosphorylation and to promote timely completion of mitosis in NSCs. However, in GSCs, this redundancy is lost, likely as a result of oncogenic signaling, causing GBM-specific lethality. A whole-genome CRISPR-Cas9 knockout screens targeting over 18,000 genes using the all-in-one LV-sgRNA:Cas9 platform system were performed using a “shot gun” approach by transducing 2 GBM patient-derived isolates and 2 human neural stem cell isolates with the pool library (2 biological replicates), and cultures were outgrown for ~3 weeks. The end time point of each screen was compared to day 0 in order to determine which sgRNAs were overrepresented or underrepresented in the population.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-70038
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
70038
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-22-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70038/E-GEOD-70038.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70038/E-GEOD-70038.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE70038
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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