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Title: Fibroblast growth factor 9 inhibits remyelination via an off target effect on astrocytes in multiple sclerosis      
dateReleased:
02-17-2016
description:
Failure of remyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with inhibition of oligodendrocyte precursor (OPC) differentiation, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. We now report inflammatory demyelination in MS is associated with localized expression of fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) by oligodendrocytes and to a lesser extent astrocytes, and demonstrate FGF9 inhibits myelination and remyelination in vitro. This inhibitory activity is reversible and due to an off target FGF9-dependent effect on astrocytes that disrupts in the growth factor milieu required to support myelination. We identify multiple downstream events induced by FGF9 associated with this effect including increased expression of leukaemia inhibitory growth factor (LIF) and FGF2, both of which are shown to inhibit myelination if present in excess. These studies identify FGF9-dependent signal transduction in astrocytes as a novel target for therapeutic strategies designed to enhance remyelination by endogenous OPC in MS. Gene expression profiles of rat myelinating cultures grown in the presence or absence of FGF9 (100 ng/ml) for 24h and 10 days were generated using Affymetrix GeneChip® Rat Gene 1.0 ST Arrays. Each time point (T1: 24 hrs, and T2: 10 days) has Control (CTR) and Treatment (FGF) groups, with two replicates in each group. In total, 8 arrays were generated from the four groups (CTR-T1, CTR-T2, FGF-T1 and FGF-T2).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-44562
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
44562
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-20-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-GEOD-6247
name:
[RaGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Rat Gene 1.0 ST Array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44562/E-GEOD-44562.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44562/E-GEOD-44562.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE44562
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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