Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Physiological characterization and comparative transcriptome analysis of a developmentally retarded Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris ssp. pekinensis) mutant      
dateReleased:
03-01-2016
description:
The leaf of Chinese cabbage is the major place of photosynthesis, the mutation of leaf may directly affect the rate of plant growth and development and the formation of leafy head, and ultimately influence the yield and quality of Chinese cabbage. We identified a developmentally retarded mutant (drm) exhibiting stable inheritance, which was derived from Chinese cabbage DH line ‘FT’ using a combination of isolated microspore culture and radiation treatment (60Co γ-rays). The drm exhibited slow growth and development at the seedling and heading stages, leading to the production of a tiny, leafy head, as well as chlorophyll-deficient leaves, especially in seedlings. Genetic analysis indicated that the phenotype of drm was controlled by a single recessive nuclear gene. Compared with wild-type line ‘FT’, the drm’s chlorophyll content was significantly reduced and its chloroplast structure was abnormal. Moreover, the photosynthetic efficiency and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were significantly decreased. The changes in leaf color, combined with these altered physiological characters may influence the growth and development of plant, ultimately resulting in the developmentally retarded phenotype of drm. To further understand the molecular regulatory mechanisms of phenotypic differences between ‘FT’ and drm, comparative transcriptome analysis were performed using RNA-Seq, a total of 338 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected between ‘FT’ and drm. According to GO and KEGG pathway analysis, a number of DEGs which involved in the chlorophyll degradation and photosynthesis were identified, such as chlorophyllase and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. In addition, the expression patterns of 12 DEGs, including three chlorophyll degradation- and photosynthesis-related genes and nine randomly selected genes, were confirmed by qRT-PCR. Numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms were also identified, providing a valuable resource for research and molecular marker-assistant breeding in Chinese cabbage. These results contribute to our understanding of the molecular regulatory mechanisms underlying growth and development and lay the foundation for future genetic and functional genomics studies in Chinese cabbage. The RNA from the third true leaves (day 15 to day 24 after the appearance of the third true leaves) of a developmentally retarded mutant (drm) and its wild type ‘FT’ in Chinese cabbage were sequenced by RNA-Seq, in triplicate.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-75464
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
75464
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-06-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-75464/E-GEOD-75464.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-75464/E-GEOD-75464.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE75464
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.