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Title: Expression data of Brain CD45+ cells from WT and STI knockout mice after WNV infection      
dateReleased:
03-22-2016
description:
West Nile virus (WNV) is the most important cause of endemic encephalitis in the USA. Strikingly, only a small percentage of patients develop clinical disease and of these patients, approximately 1 out of 150 patients develops encephalitis. The basis for this great variability in disease outcome is unknown, but may be related to the innate immune response. Innate immune responses, critical for control of WNV infection, are initiated by signaling through pathogen recognition receptors (PRR) such as RIG-I and MDA5. IPS-1 is a key adaptor in generating a PRR-dependent interferon response.. Here we show that IPS-1 deficiency in hematopoietic cells resulted in increased mortality and delayed WNV clearance from the brain. In IPS-1-/- mice, a dysregulated immune response was detected, characterized by a massive influx of macrophages and virus-specific T cells into the infected brain. These T cells were multifunctional and were able to lyse peptide-pulsed target cells in vitro. However, virus-specific T cells in the infected IPS-1-/- brain exhibited lower functional avidity than those in C57BL/6 brains, possibly contributing to less efficient virus clearance. The presence of virus-specific memory T cells was also not protective. We also show that macrophages were increased in numbers in the IPS-1-/- brain. Both macrophages and microglia exhibited an activated phenotype. Microarray analyses showed the preferential upregulation of genes associated with leukocyte activation and inflammation. Together, these results demonstrate the critical role that hematopoietic cell expression of Type 1 interferon and other IPS-1-dependent molecules have in WNV clearance and in regulating the inflammatory response. We used 4 mice in each group. STI knockout mice developed lethath encephalitis after WNV infectin. WT mice which have mild disease after WNV were used as controls.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-79417
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
79417
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-26-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-16570
name:
[MoGene-2_0-st] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 2.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-79417/E-GEOD-79417.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-79417/E-GEOD-79417.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE79417
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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