Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Reversal of Flow-Direction is A Critical Mechanical Stimulus for Full Activation of Endothelial Arteriogenesis Signaling Pathways      
dateReleased:
04-01-2016
description:
This study characterizes the response of primary human endothelial cells (human umbilical vein endothelial cells, HUVECs) to the relative shear stress changes that occur during the initiation of arteriogenesis at the entrance regions to a collateral artery network. HUVECs were preconditioned to a baseline level of unidirectional shear of 15 dynes/cm2 for 24 hours. After 24 hours preconditioning, HUVECs were subjected to an arteriogenic stimulus that mimics the shear stress changes observed in the opposing entrance regions into a collateral artery network. The arteriogenic stimulus consisted of a 100% step wise increase in shear stress magnitude to a unidirectional 30 dynes/cm2 in either the same or opposite direction of the preconditioned shear stress. This simulates either the feeding entrance to the collateral artery circuit or the region that drains into the vasculature downstream of an obstruction in a major artery, respectively. In vivo analysis of collateral growth in the mouse hindlimb showed enhanced outward remodeling in the re-entrant (direction reversing) region that reconnects to the downstream arterial tree, suggesting reversal of shear stress direction as a key enhancer of arteriogenesis. Transcriptional profiling using microarray techniques identified that the reversal of shear stress direction, but not an increase in shear stress alone, yielded a broad-based enhancement of the mechanotransduction pathways necessary for the induction of arteriogenesis. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were preconditioned to a unidirectional clockwise shear stress of 15 dynes/cm2 for 24 hours. An acute increase in shear stress magnitude to 30 dynes/cm2 in either a clockwise (non-reversed) or counter-clockwise (reversed) direction was applied for 6 hours. An additional preconditioned control culture was maintained under a unidirectional clockwise shear stress of 15 dynes/cm2 and harvested at the same time point, 6 hours post-conditioning. Each condition of reversed, non-reversed, and control was performed in tandem from the same starting cell culture as one replicate. The total experiment consisted of four replicates. Gene transcription was then assessed using microarray expression analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-46248
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
46248
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
04-11-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-46248/E-GEOD-46248.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-46248/E-GEOD-46248.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE46248
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.