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Title: H3K36ac is an evolutionary conserved histone modification that marks active genes in plants      
dateReleased:
04-05-2016
description:
In eukaryotic cells, DNA is tightly packed in the nucleus in chromatin which has histones as its main protein component. Histones are subject to a large number of distinct post-translational modifications, whose sequential or combinatorial action affects genome function. Here, we report the identification of acetylation at lysine 36 in histone H3 (H3K36ac) as a modification in Arabidopsis thaliana. H3K36ac was found to be an evolutionary conserved modification in seed plants. It is highly enriched in euchromatin and very low in heterochromatin. Genome-wide ChIP-seq experiments revealed that H3K36ac is generally found at the 5’ end of genes. Independently of gene length, H3K36ac covers about 500 bp, about two to three nucleosomes, immediately downstream of the transcriptional start. H3K36ac overlaps with H3K4me3 and the H2A.Z histone variant. The histone acetyl transferase GCN5 and the histone deacetylase HDA19 are required for normal steady state levels of H3K36ac in plants. There is negative crosstalk between H3K36ac and H3K36me3, mediated by the histone methyl transferase SDG8 and GCN5. H3K36ac levels are associated with transcriptional activity but show no linear relation. Instead, H3K36ac is a binary indicator of transcription Characterization of the genome-wide distribution of H3K36ac using ChIP-seq. Analysis of the mechanistic crosstalk in the deposition of acetylation and methylation at H3K36 by ChIP-seq of H3K36ac and H3K36me3 in sdg8-2 and gcn5-1, respectively.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-74841
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
74841
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
04-09-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Arabidopsis thaliana
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-74841/E-GEOD-74841.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-74841/E-GEOD-74841.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE74841
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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