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Title: Comprehensive Analysis of Recurrence-Associated Small Non-Coding RNAs in Esophageal Cancer [Illumina]      
dateReleased:
06-30-2016
description:
Targeted cancer therapy for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has made little progress largely due to a lack of knowledge of the driving genomic alterations. Small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target to SCC remain a challenge. We analyzed sncRNAs microarray in 108 fresh frozen specimens of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as discovery set and assessed associations between sncRNAs and recurrence-free survival. SncRNA signature identified was externally validated in two independent cohorts. We investigated the functional consequences of sncRNA identified and its integrative analysis of complex cancer genomics. We identified 3 recurrence-associated sncRNAs (miR-223, miR-1269a and nc886) from discovery set and proved risk prediction model externally in high and low volume centers. We uncovered through in vitro experiment that nc886 was down-regulated by hypermethylation of its promoter region and influences splicing of pre-mRNAs with minor introns by regulating expression of minor spliceosomal small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) such as RNU4atac. Integrative analysis from lung SCC data in The Cancer Genome Atlas revealed that patients with lower expression of nc886 had more genetic alterations of TP53, DNA damage response and cell cycle genes. nc886 inhibits minor splicing to suppress expression of certain oncogenes such as PARP1 and E2F family containing minor introns. We present risk prediction model with sncRNAs for ESCC. Among them, nc886 may contribute to complete minor splicing via regulation of minor spliceosomal snRNAs supporting the notion that aberrant alteration in minor splicing might be a key driver of ESCC. Pre-clinical study Analysis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma cell lines knocked-down for nc886 and vault RNA VTRNA1-1 via antisense oligonucleotide (ASO)-targeting.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55854
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55854
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-02-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55854/E-GEOD-55854.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55854/E-GEOD-55854.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55854
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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