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Title: Iodine-131 Biomarker Identification in the Rat Thyroid Gland      
dateReleased:
06-30-2016
description:
Introduction Iodine-131 (131I) is frequently used in nuclear medicine. Unbound or released 131I accumulate in the thyroid gland and may be detrimental to normal thyroid function. The aim of the present study was to identify biomarkers for 131I exposure in rat thyroid tissue and to assess the effect on thyroid function. Methods Thirty six male Sprague Dawley rats were i.v. injected with 150 µl saline solution containing 9.0, 88, 170, 260, 340, 760, 1300, or 4700 kBq (group A-H) 131I, or mock-treated with 150 µl saline solution only, and killed at 24 h after injection. Total RNA was extracted from individual thyroid tissue samples thyroids and mRNA levels were determined with the Agilent microarray platform. Results Estimated absorbed doses in treatment groups A-H was 0.0058, 0.057, 0.11, 0.17, 0.22, 0.5 Gy, 0.8 Gy, and 3 Gy. Totally, 429 transcripts were identified with a fold change fold change ≥ 1.5 and adjusted p-value ≤ 0.01. A trend with downregulation of thyroid hormone biosynthesis associated genes (e.g. thyroglobulin, thyroid peroxidase, the sodium-iodine symporter) was identified, but only statistically significant after 0.0058 and 0.22 Gy. Three transcripts coding for isoform 1 of the DBP protein showed a pattern with monotonous decrease in downregulation with absorbed dose between 0.0058-0.22 Gy. Changes in Dbp expression were not statistically significant between 0.5-3 Gy. However, a trend with downregulation at 0.5 and 0.8 Gy and upregulation and 3 Gy was identified. Previously, 131I (0.85-17 Gy) and 211At (0.023-32 Gy) exposure resulted in upregulation of Dbp in mice thyroid tissue 24 h after administrations. Additionally, a monotonous decrease in Dbp downregulation has been identified of in mouse kidney tissue at 8 and 12 months after 177Lu-octreotate administrations. Conclusion Conclusively, the Dbp gene is a promising candidate biomarker gene for exposure to 131I and possibly other internal radiation emitters. Further studies should be performed to establish how Dbp expression vary with dose-rate, absorbed dose, time after administration, different radiation qualities, and the function of Dbp. Total RNA was isolated from fresh-frozen individual thyroid tissue samples (Sprague Dawley rats). Each sample was run once. Four rats received the same treatment. Control samples (from non-irradiated rats) are included.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-66623
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
66623
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-02-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-GEOD-15084
name:
Agilent-028279 SurePrint G3 Rat GE 8x60K Microarray (Probe Name version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66623/E-GEOD-66623.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66623/E-GEOD-66623.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE66623
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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