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Title: Age and estrogen-dependent inflammation in breast adenocarcinoma and normal breast tissue [cohort_2]      
dateReleased:
07-01-2016
description:
Chronic inflammation promotes breast tumor growth and invasion by accelerating angiogenesis and tissue remodeling in the tumor microenvironment. The relationship between inflammation and estrogen, which drives the growth of 70 percent of breast tumors, is complex. Low levels of estrogen exposure stimulate macrophages and other inflammatory cell populations, but very high levels are immune suppressive. Breast tumor incidence is increased by obesity and age, which interact to influence inflammatory cell populations in normal breast tissue. The molecular impact of these factors on tumor initiation and growth is not well-understood. We modeled the difference in gene expression between 195 breast adenocarcinomas and 195 matched adjacent normal breast tissue samples, using age, body mass index (BMI), and tumor subtype as covariates. Age and BMI were independently associated with inflammation in normal tissue but not tumors. Older patients with ER-positive disease had tumors with higher levels of Estrogen Receptor (ER) signaling compared to adjacent normal tissue and had lower relative levels of tumor macrophage expression. We developed a novel statistic to quantify the rewiring of gene co-expression networks and demonstrate that in ER-positive tumors basal gene networks are rewired even though their expression levels of these genes are not significantly different from those in adjacent normal tissue. Patient age influences the molecular profile of ER-positive breast tumors. Our data support an immunosuppressive effect of estrogen signaling in the breast tumor microenvironment, suggesting this effect contributes to the greater presence of prognostic and therapeutically relevant immune cells in ER-negative tumors. 296 total samples: 148 breast adenocarcinoma, 148 paired adjacent normal breast tissue
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-70947
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
70947
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-10-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13607
name:
Agilent-028004 SurePrint G3 Human GE 8x60K Microarray (Feature Number version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70947/E-GEOD-70947.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70947/E-GEOD-70947.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE70947
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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