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Title: Immediate dysfunction of vaccine-elicited CD8+ T cells primed in the absence of CD4+ T cells      
dateReleased:
07-01-2016
description:
CD4+ T cell help is critical for optimal CD8+ T cell expansion after priming in many experimental systems. However, a role for CD4+ T cells in regulating the initial steps of CD8+ T cell effector differentiation is not well established. Here we demonstrate that absence of CD4+ T cells at the time of replication-incompetent adenovirus vector immunization of C57BL/6 mice led to immediate CD8+ T cell dysfunction characteristic of exhaustion at the first detectable timepoints as well as impaired expansion of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells. The absence of CD4+ T cell help resulted in antigen-specific CD8+ T cells that had reduced ex vivo cytotoxicity and decreased capacity to produce IFN-γ and TNF-α. CD8+ T cells primed in the absence of CD4+ T cells expressed elevated levels of the inhibitory receptors PD-1, LAG-3, and Tim-3, and these cells exhibited transcriptomic exhaustion profiles by gene set enrichment analysis. This dysfunctional state was imprinted within 3 days of immunization and could not be reversed by provision of CD4+ T cell help after priming. Partial rescue of unhelped CD8+ T cell expansion and effector differentiation could be achieved by PD-1 pathway blockade or recombinant IL-2 administration. This study identifies a novel, previously undescribed role of CD4+ T cells to prevent immediate dysfunction and features of exhaustion in CD8+ T cells following antigen priming. Splenic AL11-specific CD8 T cells from mice immunized with Ad5HVR48(1-7)-SIV Gag and treated with anti-CD4 antibody or not were purified by FACS on day 14 post-immunization
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-73001
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
73001
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-11-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-73001/E-GEOD-73001.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-73001/E-GEOD-73001.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE73001
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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