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Title: THE BILIARY EPITHELIUM GIVES RISE TO LIVER PROGENITOR CELLS BUT MAKES A MINOR CONTRIBUTION TO HEPATOCYTE REGENERATION AFTER LIVER INJURY      
dateReleased:
07-03-2016
description:
We previously showed that severe liver diseases are characterized by expansion of liver progenitor cells (LPC), which correlates with disease severity. However, the origin and role of LPC in liver physiology and in the hepatic response to injury remains a contentious topic. We have now used genetic lineage tracing of Hnf1β-expressing biliary duct cells to assess their contribution to LPC expansion and hepatocyte generation during normal liver homeostasis, and following different types of liver injury. We found that ductular reaction cells in human cirrhotic livers express HNF1β. However, HNF1β expression was not present in newly generated EpCAM-positive hepatocytes. Using a tamoxifen-inducible Hnf1βCreER/R26RYFP/LacZ mouse, we show that there is no contribution of the biliary epithelium to hepatocyte turnover during liver homeostasis in healthy mice. Moreover, after loss of liver mass, Hnf1β+ LPC did not contribute to hepatocyte regeneration. We also assessed the contribution of Hnf1β+ cells following acute and repeated liver injury. All animal models showed expansion of LPC, as assessed by immunostaining and gene expression profile of sorted YFP-positive cells. A contribution of Hnf1β+ LPC to hepatocyte generation was not detected in animal models of liver injury with preserved hepatocyte regenerative potential such as acute acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride injury, or chronic diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-collidin (DDC)-diet. However, in mice fed with choline-deficient ethionine-supplemented (CDE)-diet, which causes profound hepatocyte damage and arrest, a small number of hepatocytes were derived from Hnf1β+ cells. Conclusion: Hnf1β+ cells do not participate in hepatocyte turnover in the healthy liver or during liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy. After liver injury, LPC arise from the biliary duct epithelium, which gives rise to a limited number of hepatocytes only when hepatocyte regeneration is compromised. Transcriptomic profile using MoGeneST-2.0 chip from 3 samples of YFP+ CDE, 3 samples of YFP+ DDC, 2 samples of YFP+ UTR and 3 samples YFP-
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51389
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51389
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-28-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-17791
name:
[MoGene-2_0-st] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 2.0 ST Array [mogene20st_Mm_ENTREZG_17.1.0]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51389/E-GEOD-51389.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51389/E-GEOD-51389.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51389
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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