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Title: High Resolution Mapping of RNA Polymerases Identifies Mechanisms of Sensitivity and Resistance to BET Inhibitors in t(8;21) AML      
dateReleased:
07-15-2016
description:
Bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) family inhibitors offer a new approach to treating hematological malignancies. We used precision nuclear run-on transcription sequencing (PRO-seq) to create high-resolution maps of active RNA polymerases across the genome in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that are exceptionally sensitive to BET inhibitors. PRO-seq identified over 1400 genes showing impaired release of promoter-proximal paused RNA polymerases, including the stem cell factor receptor tyrosine kinase KIT that is mutated in t(8;21) AML. PRO-seq also identified an enhancer 3’ to KIT. Chromosome conformation capture confirmed contacts between this enhancer and the KIT promoter and CRISPRi-mediated repression of this enhancer impaired cell growth. PRO-seq also identified microRNAs, including MIR29C and MIR29B2 that target the anti-apoptotic factor MCL1 and were repressed by BET inhibitors. MCL1 protein was up-regulated, and inhibition of BET proteins sensitized t(8:21)-containing cells to MCL1 inhibition, suggesting a potential mechanism of resistance to BET inhibitor-induced cell death. Kasumi-1 cells were treated with DMSO, 250 nM JQ1, and 125 nM MS417 for 1 and 3 hours, and PRO-seq was performed to study transcriptional changes. Kasumi-1 cells were treated with 250 nM JQ1 for 0, 15, and 30 minutes, and PRO-seq was performed. Two biological replicates were included for each time point. Primary AML patient cells were treated with DMSO and 250 nM JQ1 for 1 hour, and PRO-seq was performed to confirm trancriptional effects of BET inhibitors.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-83660
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
83660
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-24-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-83660/E-GEOD-83660.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-83660/E-GEOD-83660.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE83660
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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