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Title: Induction of cells expressing markers of GABAergic neurons by transcription factors (miRNA)      
dateReleased:
07-21-2016
description:
Specific neuronal types derived from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can facilitate mechanistic studies and potentially aid in regenerative medicine. Existing induction methods, however, mostly rely on the effects of growth factors, which generally tend to result in mixed populations of neurons. Here we report that over-expression of specific transcription factors (TFs) in ESCs can rather guide the differentiation of ESCs towards specific neuron types. Analysis of published data on gene expression changes early (two days) after induction of each of 185 induced TFs implicated candidate TFs for further ESC differentiation studies. After induction for 6 days four of them (Ascl1, Smad7, Nr2f1, and Ascl2) generated a high proportion (>35%) of cells with neural progenitor marker PSA-NCAM and clear neural morphology on day 14. The capacity of these TFs to induce neural differentiation is inferred to be most likely linked to early activation of the Notch signaling pathway. Among the neuron-like cells, GABA-positive cells were most abundant (32-97% for 4 top TFs), whereas Isl1-positive cells and TH-positive cells were less abundant (<12% and <5%, respectively). Enrichment of cells obtained with the induction of Ascl1, Smad7, and Nr2f1 using beads with anti-PSA-NCAM antibody resulted in essentially pure population of neuron-like cells with expression profiles similar to neural tissues and highly expressed markers of GABAergic neurons. A time-course experiment with induction of Ascl1 showed early upregulation of most neural-specific and GABAergic-specific mRNA and miRNAs. We identified mRNA and miRNAs, whose expression depended on the induction of Ascl1, and showed that they were enriched in Ascl1 target genes. In summary, this study indicates that induction of transcription factors is a promising approach to generate candidate specific neural cell types from ESCs. Transcription factor Ascl1 was induced in mouse ESCs to facilitate neural differentiation. Expression of transgenic Ascl1 was repressed by doxycycline (Dox); thus, it were induced in Dox- conditions, whereas Dox+ conditions represent control cells with no expression of Ascl1 transgene. For neural differentiation, cells were cultured 3 days in alpha-MEM medium and then - in NeuroCult neural differentiation medium for 2-11 days (total up to 14 days). RNA was extracted with mirVana kit (Thermo Fisher Scientific).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-78950
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
78950
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-22-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-19970
name:
Agilent-046065 Mouse_miRNA_V19.0_Microarray [Probe Name version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-78950/E-GEOD-78950.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-78950/E-GEOD-78950.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE78950
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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