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Title: Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor inhibition triggers Type 1 Interferon signature in human keratinocytes      
dateReleased:
07-31-2016
description:
The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)/ligand system is centrally involved in multiple homeostatic functions of the epithelia. Epithelial cells are the primary targets of humanized antibodies and small molecule inhibitors against this system, whereby the constellation of skin-specific side effects of these drugs stems from a profound disturbance of keratinocyte biology. So far, the molecular mechanisms underlying these toxic events have been investigated only broadly. Here we show that keratinocyte response to anti-EGFR drugs comprises the development of a type 1 interferon (IFN) molecular signature including enhanced expression of IFN-kappa. Mechanistically, nuclear accumulation of IRF1 precedes this signature as well as the enhanced expression of a chemokine cluster we previously identified as a relevant pro-inflammatory component of EGFR inhibition. In fact, either silencing of IRF1 transcript expression, or antibody-mediated blockade of type 1 IFN receptor function and consequent abrogation of STAT1 activation, leads to impairment of this gene transcription profile. High levels of IRF1 and IFN-kappa can be clearly observed in the early skin lesions of patients treated with cetuximab. Type 1 IFN signaling could be crucially implicated in the triggering of the inflammatory mechanisms active in the skin of patients under treatment with anti-EGFR drugs. Normal human keratinocyte cultures were treated with Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) alpha (50 ng/ml) alone (SAMPLES #4-6), or with the concomitant administration of the small-molecule EGFR inhibitor PD168393 (2 microM) (SAMPLES #7-9) for 6 hours. Cultures were performed in triplicate and include untreated controls (SAMPLES #1-3).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-74407
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
74407
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-07-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-74407/E-GEOD-74407.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-74407/E-GEOD-74407.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE74407
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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