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Title: YY1 Controls Em-3’RR DNA Loop Formation and Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Class Switch Recombination      
dateReleased:
08-06-2016
description:
Activation of splenic B cells induces formation of a 220kb DNA loop between Em and 3’RR enhancers in the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus (IgH). This DNA loop has been proposed to be necessary for the crucial immune diversification mechanism of IgH class switch recombination, but the factors that control its formation are unknown. We show that conditional deletion of transcription factor YY1 in primary splenic B cells results in a dramatic drop in formation of this DNA loop, as well as immunoglobulin class switch recombination. Reconstitution of YY1-deleted splenic B cells with various YY1 mutants showed that the C-terminal half of YY1 lacking the transactivation domain restored both Em-3’RR DNA loop formation as well as class switch recombination. RNA transcript analyses of YY1 conditional deleted splenic B cells suggest that YY1 does not regulate genes needed for DNA looping or CSR. Our results argue for a direct physical mechanism of YY1 mediating long-distance DNA loops and provide strong evidence of the importance of this DNA loop for class switching. Our results provide foundational mechanistic insight into a crucial immune function. Follicular B cells were isolated from the spleens of three C57Bl/6 yy1 fl/fl mice. For each spleen, half the cells received mock treatment and half received TATCRE. The 6 samples were then grown in RPMI medium along with LPS, Il4, OPI, and 20% FBS for 72 hours. The 6 groups of cells were lysed and RNA was isolated for library preparation. Expression differences between Mock and TATCRE treated cells were determined to understand the role of yy1 in B cell class switching.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-85259
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
85259
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-14-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1175
name:
Illumina MouseWG-6 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-85259/E-GEOD-85259.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-85259/E-GEOD-85259.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE85259
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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