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Title: Dry age-related macular degeneration like pathology in aged 5XFAD mice: Ultrastructure and microarray analysis      
dateReleased:
08-10-2016
description:
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. There are two types of AMD: dry AMD and wet AMD. While laser-induced choroidal neovascularization has been used extensively in the studies of wet AMD by presenting the main features of human wet AMD, there was no established mouse model which fully recapitulates the cardinal features of human dry AMD. In this regard, lack of appropriate mouse model for dry AMD hampered the translational research on the pathogenesis and development of therapeutic agents. We recently suggested that 5XFAD mice could be a mouse model of dry AMD with regard to the amyloid beta (Aβ) related pathology. In this study, using transmission electron microscope, we analyzed ultrastructure of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) of 5XFAD mice. Of importance, aged 5XFAD mice had ultrastructural changes of RPE and Bruch’s membrane compatible with cardinal features of dry AMD, including loss of apical microvilli and basal infolding of RPE, increased thickness of Bruch’s membrane, basal laminar and linear deposits, and accumulation of lipofuscin granules and undigested photoreceptor outer segment-laiden phagosomes. Using a threshold of 1.2 fold difference, we found “564” differentially expressed genes of which “190” were up-regulated and “374” were down-regulated in the RPE complex of aged 5XFAD mice. These altered genes were implicated in the pathogenesis of AMD including inflammation and immune response-related genes and retinol metabolism-related genes. Taken together, we suggest that aged 5XFAD mice can be used for dry AMD mouse model. All 5XFAD mice used were heterozygotes with respect to the transgene, and non-transgenic wild-type littermate (WT) mice served as controls.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-85408
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
85408
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-13-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-16570
name:
[MoGene-2_0-st] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 2.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-85408/E-GEOD-85408.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-85408/E-GEOD-85408.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE85408
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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