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Title: A Transcriptomic Reporter Assay Employing Neutrophils to Measure Immunogenic Activity of Septic Patients' Plasma (Expt. 3)      
dateReleased:
08-11-2016
description:
The wide array of molecules carried by plasma regulates critical immune functions and constitutes valuable biomarkers and therapeutic targets. In recent years the introduction of “systems approaches” has provided investigators with powerful means for assessing immune responses in patient samples on a global scale. However, while the use of genome-wide profiling technologies has become widespread, measuring the plasma proteome still presents considerable challenges. An alternative approach that consists in measuring transcriptome responses in reporter cells exposed in vitro to patient plasma has been successfully employed in a limited number of studies. Here we devised such a “Transcriptomic Reporter Assay” system to assess the immunogenicity of plasma from septic patients and evaluate its potential for biomarker discovery. Sepsis is a common, severe systemic infectious process for which physicians still lack efficient diagnostic or prognostic tools. Of the three different cell reporter systems tested, neutrophils were identified as the most capable “plasma sensor”. Compared to peripheral blood mononuclear cells and dendritic cell preparations neutrophils were best able to discriminate between plasma from septic and control subjects and responded by upregulating a robust immune transcriptional program. Additionally, the amplitude of the neutrophil transcriptomic response was shown to be associated with disease severity in two additional sets of patients. Overall, our results demonstrate both the suitability and potential clinical relevance of a neutrophil reporter assay for assessing immunopathogenic processes in a complex and severe condition such as sepsis. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) were isolated a healthy donor. Plasma samples were obtained from a first set of patients with culture-confirmed sepsis (n=35) and from uninfected controls (n=19). PMNs were cultured for 6 h in medium alone, plasma from patients with sepsis, plasma from uninfected controls, and LPS using a final concentration of 20%. Transcriptional profiles were acquired using Illumina HumanHT12 V4 BeadChips.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-49757
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
49757
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-12-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49757/E-GEOD-49757.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49757/E-GEOD-49757.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE49757
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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