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Title: Global DNA methylation and gene expression comparison of olfactory neurosphere-derived cells, fibroblasts and induced pluripotent stem cells derived from the same schizophrenic donors      
dateReleased:
12-01-2016
description:
Epigenetics describes mechanisms via which the environment can act on the genome, including DNA methylation of promoter regions of genes. This could be a way that environmental risk factors could affect neurodevelopment in individuals at risk for schizophrenia. Patient-derived cells provide a means whereby epigenetics and gene-environment interactions might be investigated. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) present an attractive patient-derived cellular model because they can be differentiated into cell types of interest in schizophrenia. In this study the influence of the reprogramming process on schizophrenia-associated DNA methylation was investigated through genome-wide DNA methylation profiling and gene expression of patient-derived iPS cells and the fibroblasts from which they were derived. Olfactory neurosphere-derived cells (ONS cells) from the same patients were also profiled to provide a window on epigenetic regulation in three distinct cell types. Patient-derived cell were compared to cells derived from healthy controls to identify differences in DNA methylation and gene expression associated with schizophrenia in three cell types. The main finding is that iPS cells, prior to neuronal differentiation, demonstrated significant schizophrenia-associated differences in DNA methylation. This is in contrast to the fibroblasts from which they were derived, which show lesser schizophrenia-associated differences in DNA methylation. Like iPS cells, ONS cells showed robust significant schizophrenia-associated differences in DNA methylation. Notably, the schizophrenia-associated differences in DNA methylation were unique for each cell type, with little overlap between them, and only 5 genes commonly methylated in all cell types. Gene expression differences among the cell types mirrored the DNA methylation differences in magnitude, again with little overlap in specific genes affected. Gene Ontology analysis of the affected genes identified common cellular process affected in all three cell types without the same genes contributing. These data suggest that most DNA methylation differences are driven by the demands imposed by each cell type with schizophrenia-associated differences also being cell-type specific. Thus DNA methylation may not be a cause of schizophrenia-associated differences in cell functions in these cells but rather a downstream consequence of some unidentified causative mechanisms. This dataset represents the DNA methylation part of the study. The gene expression data is deposited under accession E-MTAB-5016.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-MTAB-2154
refinement:
raw
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-08-2016
creators:
Nicholas A Matigian
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-8490
name:
Illumina HumanMethylation27 BeadChip (HumanMethylation27_270596_v.1.2)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-2154/E-MTAB-2154.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-2154/E-MTAB-2154.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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